Next: The Evolutionary View
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As emphasised by the evolutionary biologist John Maynard Smith, there
are two distinct ways in which living organisms may be viewed. ``One
is of a population of
entities which, because they possess a hereditary mechanism, will
evolve adaptations for survival. The other is of a complex structure
which is maintained by the energy flowing through it''
[Maynard Smith 86] (p.7).
In the following two subsections I will give a quick overview of
these two pictures.